Important Bird Areas (IBAS) are sites of global biodiversity conservation importance, chosen using internationally agreed-upon, objective, quantitative and scientifically defensible criteria. They are selected because they hold bird species that are threatened with extinction, have highly restricted distributions, or are characteristics of particular biome or hold exceptionally large numbers of congregatory birds.
Ghana has 40 IBA's with majority legally protected as forest reserves, wildlife protected area and community protected areas.ARCADIA through Birdlife International is supporting the monitoring of some of the IBAs in Ghana, especially those that are located in the Upper Guinea.
Most IBA's are facing threat from hunting and chain saw operations (illegal logging) and illegal mining. Fure River Forest Reserve and the Atewa Forest Researve are two IBAs under significant threat in Ghana.